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更新日:2023年1月12日

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What you should do when your child becomes infected or has close contacts with a patient of COVID-19 (For Guardians)

 

Typical Symptoms of COVID-19

  • High Fever
  • Sore Throat
  • Cough  
  • Nausea and Vomiting
  • Convulsion 

画像:主な症状

Treatment of Each Symptom at Home

Fever

Give Over the Counter Drugs.

 (Acetaminophen-containing drug such as Bufferin for children)

  • Read the attached instructions carefully, and have him/her take a correct dose. Take at least four-hour interval until the next dose.
  • Even if drug is taken, the fever does not go down to the normal level, and even if once goes down, it can go up again. Still, your child feels more or less comfortable while the fever is lower.  

When Your Child is Feeling Hot and Sweaty

  • To lower the body temperature, have him/her dressed in thinner cloths and cool off his/her neck and armpit using cool compress, etc. Lower the temperature setting of the heater.  
  • Have him/her take water when his/her temperature goes down a little and he/she is feeling better.

画像:解熱の方法

Nausea and Vomiting

  • When your child has nausea, have him/her take water little by little frequently, like one sip at a time, making sure that the water is not thrown up.
  • If he/she vomits, oral rehydration solution is effective. 

Dehydration

  • Have him/her take oral rehydration solution with salt and sugar or thinned apple juice, etc.

画像:水分を取る

Points of Attention When a Child Recuperates at Home

画像:自宅療養

If a little child becomes infected, it is difficult to completely prevent infections to family members.  

To prevent contagion to all the family members, it is important to practice the following.

  • Limit the person who takes care of the child.
  • Separate the space for the infected child from that for other members.
  • Do not use the common space at the same time.  
  • Ventilate regularly by opening windows in two different directions.  

Points of Attention Regarding Toilet and Diapers When a Child Recuperates at Home

 Virus can be contained in excretion. (Infection case via excretion is not reported.)

Points to be Noted

  • Every time you change the diapers, put the used one in a plastic bag, close the opening and discard it.  
  • Keep your hands clean, washing them and disinfecting with alcohol after dealing with diapers and helping the infected child use the toilet.  

Other information is available on Guidance on Recuperation at Home on the portal site of the measures against the novel coronavirus infection (in the official website of K.P.G.).

画像:便に含まれるウイルスに注意

Contact K.P.G. Corona Emergency Call 119 or Have Emergency Medical Consultation Immediately If Your Child Has Any of the Following Symptoms

Attention! Infant younger than three months has a fever of 38 degrees or higher

Attention! Having spasms multiple times in a short time or continued spasms for five minutes or longer 

When your child is not diagnosed as infected (e.g. being in close contact with the infected) but having the above symptoms, contact an emergency medical consultation or #8000 

画像:相談や救急受診

Your Child is "Having Difficulty Breathing" When in the Following Conditions:

  • Breathing hard
  • Dents appear above the collarbones or under the ribs when breathing
  • Pallid face
  • Breathing fast 

画像:息が苦しい

Contacting K.P.G. Corona Emergency Call 119 or Visiting a Medical Institution

You Don’t Need to Call an Ambulance in the Following Case

Even when your child develops a fever, there is no need to hastily call an ambulance if he/she can take in food and water, sleep and play. 

画像:救急車を呼ぶ必要なし

Consult with the Doctor Beforehand in the Following Case

If your child has any underlying illness, such as a cardiovascular or respiratory disease, and is visiting a university hospital or pediatric clinic, be sure to consult with the doctor in advance about the points of attention for the time when he/she is infected with COVID-19.

画像:医師に相談

Children Can be Vaccinated for COVID-19

  • Vaccination can minimize development of symptoms even if infected and prevent serious conditions.
  • It is confirmed that children’s side effect occurrence rate following vaccination is almost the same as or lower than that of adults. 
  • For information on vaccination, see the website of the municipality of your residence, or consult with your family doctor.

Consultation Services for COVID-19-Positive Patients

When the condition deteriorates or it is difficult to judge the condition

  • Contact K.P.G. Corona Emergency Call 119 (*note) (emergency consultation service for deterioration or sudden change of health condition) without hesitation.
  • If you would like to ask questions or consult regarding health condition or what to do during recuperation, contact K.P.G. Recovery Support Desk (*note).

画像:陽性者の相談

*Note
If submission of a notification is required for your child’s case, an e-mail will be sent to the cell phone no. written in the notification.
If submission of a notification is not required for your child’s case, the necessary information is given after registration with the positive patients’ registration desk.

Health Consultation Services for People Who Are Not Diagnosed as Infected with COVID-19

(1) Kanagawa Children’s Emergency Dial

Phone no: #8000 (from 18:00 to 8:00 next morning)*When using a dial line, IP phone, PHS or a push line of area code 042, call 045-663-9181.  Consultation service by a nurse, etc. is available concerning a sudden health condition change of your child at nighttime.  This line is to offer advice and not for diagnosis or treatment.
*For consultation on COVID-19, call K.P.G. COVID-19 Infection Counseling Dial.

画像:コロナと診断されていない方の相談窓口

(2)Kanagawa Children’s Emergency Dial(website)

This website offers a guide for judging whether you should take your child to a hospital out of the consultation hours such as at night or on holidays.
The guide is for children one month to six years old. 

(3)K.P.G. COVID-19 Infection Counseling Dial

Phone no: 0570-056-774 (calls accepted around the clock)
Note: When using IP phone, etc. and not connected to the above no, call 045-285-0536.
Counseling service is available concerning people with symptoms such as a fever or coughing, or who have anxiety about infection.  Medical institutions will be also introduced to those who have a fever.
List of medical institutions is also available on the website of K.P.G.

Ref.

"What you should do if your child is infected with COVID-19---Points of attention in recuperation at home ver. 1.1" by infectious disease department, infection control, Hyogo Prefectural Kobe Children’s Hospital