Profile of Kanagawa Prefecture

掲載日:2016年4月1日

Welcome to Kanagawa

image of kanagawaKanagawa is a vibrant prefecture, located in the Metropolitan Area. It has been playing the leading role in developing Japan's economy.At the same time, it is blessed with abundant nature such as verdant mountains, rivers,and the sea.Each region of the prefecture has the unique history and cultural climates.


Our land is rich in diversity. The eastern region, centering on the cities of Yokohama and Kawasaki, is highly advanced in terms of urbanization and industrialization. The western region has mountain ranges rich in greenery. In the central region, there lies the Kanagawa's Mother river, the Sagami River, and the beautiful beaches continue from Shonan region to Miura Peninsula.


This site introduces the outline of Kanagawa Prefecture, such as geography and topography.

There are also many other sites on our web site that are full of useful information.

We hope that you will get to know more about Kanagawa Prefecture by surfing through various sites of K.P.G.


Origin of the Prefectural Name

Before, there were several ways to write the name of "Kanagawa" in kanji (Chinese characters). "Kanagawa" referred to the area of Kuraki-gun (county), Musashi-no-kuni (present Kanagawa-ku, Yokohama City). The area had been the important point for land and marine transportation from the olden times. The Shogunate Government of Edo concluded the "Kanagawa Treaty" (the Treaty of Peace and Amity) with Commodore Perry of U.S. in 1854, and established "Kanagawa Bugyo-sho" (Office of Kanagawa Commissioner) in 1859. And thus, Kanagawa became the name of the new administrative unit of prefecture in September 1868.

Geography and Topography

DirectionName of the pointLongitude and latitude
EasternmostUkishima-cho, Kawasaki-ku, Kawasaki CityEast long. 139 degrees 47'46"
WesternmostMt. Mikuni-yama, Yamakita-machi, Ashigarakami-gunEast long. 138 degrees 54'57"
SouthernmostAwazaki, Jogashima, Miura CityNorth lat. 35 degrees 7'44"
NorthernmostMt. Shoto-san, Midori-ku, Sagamihara CityNorth lat. 35 degrees 40'22"

Kanagawa is 2,415.81 square kilometers in area as of October 1, 2014. (Data: Geographical Survey Institute)


The prefecture can be divided into roughly three regions by topographic features; the mountainous region in the west, the plain and plateau in the central part, and the hilly and coastal area in the east.


1,500-meter high mountains of the Hakone and Tanzawa ranges are called "the roof of Kanagawa." The Sagami River which runs through the central part and the Sakawa River which runs through the western part are highly utilized as the important water resources. Lake Ashino-ko is located on the high altitude, ranked seventh among the major lakes in Japan. One of the characteristics of Kanagawa's lakes is that the manmade lakes of Lake Sagami-ko, Lake Tsukui-ko, Lake Tanzawa-ko and Lake Miyagase-ko were created for the water resources. The 426 km long coastline shows colorful and varied scenery, and the Keihin Industrial Zone along the Tokyo Bay has highly sophisticated ports.


There are also Hakone and Yugawara hot spring resorts which constitute parts of the Fuji-Hakone-Izu National Park, as well as Tanzawa-Oyama Quasi National Park and our prefectural natural parks. The "ancient city" of Kamakura, which is comparable to Kyoto and Nara, has many historic sites and scenic spots. Thus, Kanagawa Prefecture is not only the industrial and cultural center, but also a region blessed with rich natural environment and tourist attractions.

Climate 

With the Tanzawa and Hakone mountain ranges in its north-western hinterland, Kanagawa Prefecture has the plain to the east and south, facing the Pacific Ocean. Because it is also affected by the Black Currents (warm currents) of the Pacific Ocean, it has a mild climate with high precipitation which is typical of the region along the Pacific Ocean.

Data: Yokohama Local Meteorological Observatory, 2014

Annual average temperature16.2 deg C
Highest temperature35.2deg C
Lowest temperature-1.1deg C
Annual precipitation1,860.0 mm

Population (As of September,2015) updated

This will be released on March,2016

Total population

9,118,562(male:4,555,228  female:4,563,334)

No. of households4,009,946
No. of people per household2.27
Population density3,775people per square kilometer
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