What is World Heritage?

掲載日:2018年7月9日

What is World Heritage?

World Heritage includes "cultural heritage" (monuments, buildings, archeaological sites, etc.) and "natural heritage" (natural environment).To become a World Heritage site, the properties must have "outstanding universal value" and be inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List,based on the Convention for the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage of 1972(the World Heritage Convention).

The purpose of the "World Heritage Convention" is to protect cultural/natural heritage with outstanding universal value from such threats as damage and destruction and to preserve them as the world heritage of all humankind with international cooperation.Registered World Heritage sites are passed on to the future generations by international support.

In 1992, Japan signed the convention and properties in Japan gradually registered as World Heritage. As of July 2018, there are 1092 World Heritage properties in the world. These properties include 845 cultural, 209 natural, and 38 mixed properties.Japan has 22 World Heritage properties, including 18 cultural and 4 natural properties.

The World Heritage List of Japan(as of July 2018)

Property Name

Location(Pref.)

Date of Inscription

Classification

Buddhist Monuments in the Horyu-ji Area

Nara

Dec.1993

Cultural

Himeji-jo

Hyogo

Dec.1993

Cultural

Yakushima

Kagoshima

Dec.1993

Natural

Shirakami-Sanchi

Aomori, Akita

Dec.1993

Natural

Historic Monuments of Ancient Kyoto

Kyoto, Shiga

Dec.1994

Cultural

Historic Villages of Shirakawa-go and Gokayama

Gifu, Toyama

Dec.1995

Cultural

Hiroshima Peace Memorial (Genbaku Dome)

Hiroshima

Dec.1996

Cultural

Itsukushima Shinto Shrine

Hiroshima

Dec.1996

Cultural

Historic Monuments of Ancient Nara

Nara

Dec.1998

Cultural

Shrines and Temples of Nikko

Tochigi

Dec.1999

Cultural

Gusuku Sites and Related Properties of the Kingdom of Ryukyu

Okinawa

Dec.2000

Cultural

Sacred Sites and Pilgrimage Routes in the Kii Mountain Range

Mie, Nara, Wakayama

Jul.2004

Cultural

Shiretoko

Hokkaido

Jul.2005

Natural

Iwami Ginzan Silver Mine and its Cultural Landscape

Shimane

Jul.2007

Cultural

Ogasawara Islands

Tokyo

Jun.2011

Natural

Hiraizumi - Temples, Gardens and Archaeological Sites Representing the Buddhist Pure Land

Iwate

Jun.2011

Cultural

Fujisan, sacred place and source of artistic inspiration

Yamanashi,
Shizuoka

Jun.2013

Cultural

Tomioka Silk Mill and Related Sites Gunma Jun.2014 Cultural
Sites of Japan’s Meiji Industrial Revolution:Iron and Steel,Shipbuilding and Coal Mining

Fukuoka, Saga, Nagasaki, Kumamoto, Kagoshima, Yamaguchi, Iwate, Sizuoka

Jul.2015 Cultural
The Architectural Work of Le Corbusier, an Outstanding Contribution to the Modern Movement

Tokyo (National Museum of Western Art, Main Building)

*Argentina, Belgium, France, Germany, India, Japan, Switzerland

Jul.2016 Cultural
Sacred Island of Okinoshima and Associated Sites in the Munakata Region Fukuoka Jul.2017 Cultural
Hidden Cristian Sites in the Nagasaki Region Nagasaki, Kumamoto Jun.2018 Cultural

Nominated Properties in Japan /World Heritage Candidates(as of July 2018)

 Property Name

Location(Pref.)

Classification

Mozu-Furuichi Kofungun, Ancient Tumulus Clusters

Osaka

Cultural
 

Properties in Japan/Tentative List (as of July 2018)

 

Property Name

Location(Pref.)

Classification

Temples, Shrines and other structures of Ancient Kamakura Kanagawa Cultural

Hikone-Jo (castle)

Shiga

Cultural

Asuka-Fujiwara: Archaeological sites of Japan’s Ancient Capitals and Related Properties

Nara

Cultural

Jômon Archaeological Sites in Hokkaidô, Northern Tôhoku, and other regions

Hokkaido, Aomori, Iwate, Akita

Cultural

The Sado complex of heritage mines, primarily gold mines

Niigata

Cultural

Mozu-Furuichi Kofungun, Ancient Tumulus Clusters

Osaka

Cultural

Hiraizumi - Temples, Gardens and Archaeological Sites Representing the Buddhist Pure Land - (extension)

Iwate

Cultural

Amami-Oshima Island, Tokunoshima Island, the northern part of Okinawa Island and Iriomote Island Kagoshima, Okinawa

Natural

 

A Tentative List is a list ofproperties which a country intends to consider for nomination to the World Heritage List within 5 to 10 years.

 

World Heritage

The following steps are taken  :

World Heritage