What is World Heritage?

掲載日:2015年7月9日

What is World Heritage?

World Heritage includes "cultural heritage" (monuments, buildings, archeaological sites, etc.) and "natural heritage" (natural environment).  To become a World Heritage site, the properties must have "outstanding universal value" and  be inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List,  based on the Convention for the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage of 1972(the World Heritage Convention).

The purpose of the "World Heritage Convention" is to protect cultural/natural heritage with outstanding universal value from such threats as damage and destruction and to preserve them as the world heritage of all humankind with international cooperation.  Registered World Heritage sites are passed on to the future generations by international support.  

In 1992, Japan signed the convention and  properties in Japan gradually registered as World Heritage. As of July 2015, there are 1031 World Heritage properties in the world. These properties include 802 cultural, 197 natural, and 32 mixed properties.  Japan has 19 World Heritage properties, including 15 cultural and 4 natural properties.

The World Heritage List of Japan   (as of July 2015)

Property Name

Location(Pref.)

Date of Inscription

Classification

Buddhist Monuments in the Horyu-ji Area

Nara

Dec. 1993

Cultural

Himeji-jo

Hyogo

Dec. 1993

Cultural

Yakushima

Kagoshima

Dec. 1993

Natural

Shirakami-Sanchi

Aomori, Akita

Dec. 1993

Natural

Historic Monuments of Ancient Kyoto

Kyoto, Shiga

Dec. 1994

Cultural

Historic Villages of Shirakawa-go and Gokayama

Gifu, Toyama

Dec. 1995

Cultural

Hiroshima  Peace Memorial (Genbaku Dome)

Hiroshima

Dec. 1996

Cultural

Itsukushima  Shinto Shrine

Hiroshima

Dec. 1996

Cultural

Historic Monuments of Ancient Nara

Nara

Dec. 1998

Cultural

Shrines and Temples of Nikko

Tochigi

Dec. 1999

Cultural

Gusuku Sites and Related Properties of the Kingdom of Ryukyu

Okinawa

Dec. 2000

Cultural

Sacred Sites and Pilgrimage Routes in the Kii Mountain Range

Mie, Nara, Wakayama

Jul.  2004

Cultural

Shiretoko

Hokkaido

Jul.  2005

Natural

Iwami Ginzan Silver Mine and its Cultural Landscape

Shimane

Jul.  2007

Cultural

Ogasawara Islands

Tokyo

Jul.  2011

Natural

Hiraizumi - Temples, Gardens and Archaeological Sites Representing the Buddhist Pure Land

Iwate

Jul.  2011

Cultural

Fujisan, sacred place and source of artistic inspiration

Yamanashi,
Shizuoka

Jun.  2013

Cultural

Tomioka Silk Mill and Related SitesGunmaJun. 2014 Cultural
Sites of Japan’s Meiji Industrial Revolution:Iron and Steel,Shipbuilding and Coal Mining

Iwate,Shizuoka,Yamaguchi,

Fukuoka,Kumamoto,Saga,

Nagasaki,Kagoshima

Jul.2015Cultural

Nominated Properties in Japan /World Heritage Candidates  (as of July 2015)

 Property Name

Location(Pref.)

Classification

Churches and Christian Sites in Nagasaki            

Nagasaki                       

 Cultural
National Museum of Western ArtTokyo Cultural

Properties in Japan/Tentative List (as of July 2015)

 

Property Name

Location(Pref.)

Classification

 Temples, Shrines and other structures of Ancient Kamakura Kanagawa Cultural

Hikone-Jo (castle)

Shiga

Cultural

Asuka-Fujiwara: Archaeological sites of Japan’s Ancient Capitals and Related Properties

Nara

Cultural

Churches and Christian Sites in Nagasaki

Nagasaki

Cultural

 National Museum of Western Art, Main Building Tokyo Cultural

Jômon Archaeological Sites in Hokkaidô, Northern Tôhoku, and other regions

Hokkaido, Aomori, Akita, Iwate

Cultural

Okinoshima  Island and Related Sites in Munakata Region

Fukuoka

Cultural

The Sado complex of heritage mines, primarily gold mines

Niigata

Cultural

Mozu-Furuichi Kofungun, Ancient Tumulus Clusters

Osaka

Cultural

Hiraizumi - Temples, Gardens and Archaeological Sites Representing the Buddhist Pure Land - (extension)

 Iwate

Cultural


A Tentative List is a list of  properties which a country intends to consider for nomination to the World Heritage List within 5 to 10 years.

  

World Heritage

   The following steps are taken  : 

     World Heritage

 

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